Resin can be used to for paint, flooring, cladding or waterproofing. According to the needs, each specific cycle is studied with different chemical and physical characteristics. Generally, the cycle includes a substrate preparation by priming, the drafting of the floor or resin coating, and protection of surface characteristics with clear coat finishes
Depending on the type of the chosen resin, the application can be realized with a spatula, roller, doctor blade or spray. Generally, the thickness of a floor or resin coating to be realized on screed or tile is approximately 3-4 mm. This allows to avoid very often work on doors and thresholds. The resin cycle can only be applied to clean, firm and cohesive surfaces, with good compressive strength requirements. Substrates must be mature and must have already completed the steps of withdrawal due to drying.
Cracks and scratches problems are not intrinsic to the resin but almost entirely derived from the movement of the support on which it is stretched. It’s possible to create with resins furniture coverings, bathroom walls and shower trays, as long as they’re already sealed with suitable plugs. Resin can be applied on existing floors avoiding the dismantling of the same, be it in resin, tile or natural stone.
Resin shouldn’t be applied on elastic materials such as rubber or linoleum or on materials with little consistency, but it can be safely applied on sand / cement screeds, concrete, ceramic, natural stone, leveling compounds (no plaster icing, generally too weak), wood, glass etc..
Attention must be paid to the application of resins on the level line, since the tear resistance of the substrate is very important. For its low thickness and high thermal conductivity, the resin is one of the best solutions to be applied on heated floors, as long as you take care that on and off-cycles before installation. The time required for the realization of a resin floor is 5/6 days. It’s possible to walk on the floors after 24 hours paying attention, since the resin reaches a good resistance after 7 days.
The resinous cycles have excellent impact and wear resistance, although they are subject under mechanical aggression as all the floors to which they are subjected. Generally, the layer being eroded is the ultimate protection, that is easily to restore. The resistance of a resin floor is comparable to the one of a natural stone, surely better than the hardest parquet, but definitely not comparable to a porcelain stoneware.
When catalyzed, the resin polymer does not change in time and doesn’t absorb, but its surface may be stained. In this case, is sufficient to clean the surface with mild, non aggressive products. Though the floor does not lose the performance characteristics over time, it may undergo some aesthetic degradation to scratches and tarnishing, in which case it will have to be returned it to its original glory by sanding and painting, just like a hardwood floor.
It’s also possible to repair resin floors, even if it will not always be possible to have all finishing touches invisible. The resin floors have a good anti-slip properties. Anyway, it’s possible to increase grip by inserting the suitable additives or a special additional treatments. Once catalyzed, the resin is inert, odorless and non-toxic. Resin can be applied both indoors and outdoors, choosing the appropriate cycles.
I’s also very important to evaluate the presence of rising damp, in order to assess the use of appropriate breathable resins to avoid blistering and defects. Not all resins can be used in presence of this problem. It’s possible to color resins, incorporating objects, create textural effects, troweled smooth, self-leveling monochrome or decorative inserts with metallic pigments, optical fibers, metal leaf, decorative paintings, textiles, right down to mix resin and marble.
It’s important to understand that each solution is unique and unrepeatable, there is no floor identical to another, which makes of it therefore always an handcraft of great value and aesthetic impact. Finishing can be mat, satin or gloss. The opaque and stroked solutions have definitely less aesthetic degradation than to glossy surfaces. Epoxy resins may tend to yellow, so it’s always better to choose colors tending to straw. For different solutions (eg, white floors), it is always suggested to ask for polyurethane or polyurethane.
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